Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood. There are many causes that can cause, and one of the most common is obesity. In this article, we give you the relation between both pathologies and give you a few tips to avoid them.
Causes of type 2 diabetes
Insulin is the element of the blood that is responsible for the transportation of sugar from one cell to another. Is a hormone produced in the pancreas which transports the glucose to the cells, so they can store it and use it when necessary, as a direct source of energy.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes
In people who suffer from diabetes there is an imbalance in the blood, because certain muscle cells do not react well to the effect of insulin and are not able to store energy. Thus, the glucose accumulates in the blood and, in extreme cases, can lead to a hyperglycemia; If it is not dealt with quickly and rigor can lead to serious problems in the health of the individual.
There are many types of diabetes; type 2 usually does not develop until adulthood and can be caused by numerous causes. Obesity and overweight are two clear conditions to determine the occurrence of this diabetes. When you increase the fat on the inside of muscles and cavities, the insulin is not able to travel properly and can not be absorbed efficiently by the cells.
There are also other antecedents that may contribute to this disease, such as genetic factors, a low level of physical activity or a poor diet.
Symptoms of diabetes type 2
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not very visible in the beginning. In fact, many people develop and live with her for many years until the first symptoms appear.
Between these signals may indicate the sensation of fatigue (as the cells are unable to properly feed start to decrease its activity), infection, internal (the bad distribution of the sugar in the cells causes changes in the normal functioning of the organs, especially bladder, kidney and skin), increased thirst and urination (increases the need for fluids, and also delete them, because the body can’t properly use them). Other symptoms may be: blurred vision, pain in the hands and feet, and erectile dysfunction.
If the type 2 diabetes is being caused by obesity, the best way to treat it is the radical change of habits: start a physical activity routine and modify our diets – dieta para perder barriga rápido – to be able to balance the functioning of our body. In some cases the success of treatment requires the work of a physician along with a nutritionist and an endocrinologist.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes
So. What is the relationship between diabetes and obesity? When we eat, food passes through our bodies where they are transformed into energy; only a few (carbohydrates and sugars) pass directly into the bloodstream and travel in the form of glucose to be absorbed by the cells (which, as we have already said, for this use the hormone called insulin) that store the energy for use when needed.
When we consume foods rich in sugars, in excess, causes the activity of our pancreas decreases, because he is exhausted. This leads to produce less insulin which prevents that the cells have this contribution to store success glucose in the form of energy. If it remains unchanged over time may cause cells to become resistant to insulin and that, even taking, not be able to use it to store energy. This leads to an excess of sugar in the blood that can culminate in a hyperglycemia (hiperglicemia).
Obesity can be a trigger inevitable diabetes, causing at the same time, the body will start to work incorrectly by the lack of enough power. In turn, the decrease of insulin production causes increased levels of glucose in the blood, and to develop this disease that can be very dangerous if not treated properly.
You should know that the difference between diabetes 1 and 2 is that, unlike the first, people who suffer from type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but due to certain factors the cells become resistant to it and are not able to use it to convert the glucose into energy and store it. And obesity is one of the more common factors of this type of diabetes, not only because of the irregular eating of those who suffer, but by the accumulation of fat in muscles and organs that prevents adequate blood flow and makes difficult the work of insulin in the cells.
A scientific explanation is more complex. The power excessive causes a change in the network membranous, which is located in the interior of the cells, which gets its name from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and when the amount of nutrients the process by the ER exceeds the acceptable amount if it sends an alarm signal to all mobile phones, which forces them to resist to the insulin, because it is already saturated with nutrients. And its result is the accumulation of glucose in the blood.
Tips to control diabetes
If you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes it is very important that you find properly to learn how to control the situation and relying on the minimum of your doctor. To do this you must learn a number of skills that will give you security in the care of your body.
Among the things you should learn is to know to measure and read the blood glucose (blood sugar). Be able to distinguish between what you should eat and when, and what are the activities that you should perform to control your weight with “emagrecimento rápido”. You should also learn how to manage the medications that will indicated your doctor and inform about where to get the supplies to treat your diabetes.
Although this can be complicated, it is very important that you learn to manage your diabetes: write down the readings that you make over time. To do this you will have to learn how to use the meter that you will help you schedule your educator of diabetes. In your visits to the medical specialist do not be afraid to ask everything you think about; think that the amount of information and knowledge you have about diabetes are conditions for you to control with ease and efficiency the disorder.
Finally just to remind you the essential to maintain a balanced diet, according to the needs of your body, and avoid, as much as possible the situations of stress or emotional disturbance, for you to have a healthy and happy life.